French Oak Chips are roasted between 350 – 375 ?F to give them a medium toast. They will allow you to imitate storing your wine in an oak barrel without the expense, giving you notes of vanilla and caramel. For white wine, 1 cup of chips is recommended. Try 2 cups for a red wine. Simply boil in water for 10 minutes, then drain and place the chips in your plastic or glass fermenter before transferring.